Legal Mandates for GAD
- 1987 Philippine Constitution- Article II, Sec. 14 provides that the State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure that fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
- Republic Act 7192. Women in Development and Nation-Building Institutionalizing gender concerns in national development efforts adopting the GAD approach in policies and programs.
- R.A 7192, directs all government agencies to institute measure that would eliminate gender bias in government policies, programs and project, to ensure that women are given the means to paeticipate fully in development and nation building.
Other National Laws on Women
- Anti-Discrimination Law (RA 6725)
- Migrant Workers and Overseas
Filipino Act (RA 8972)
- Solo Parents'Welfare Act of 2000
- Anti-Mail Order Bride Law (RA 6955)
- Anti-Sexual Harassment Law (RA 7877)
- Anti-Rape Law (RA 8353)
Other National Laws on Women
- Anti-Voilence Against Women
and their Children Act (RA 9262)
- Special Protection of Children
Against Child Abuse, Exploitation
and discrimination Act (RA 7610)
- Sexuality Education (LOI,47, 1972)
- Magna Carta of Women (RA 9710)
Gender and Development (GAD)
GAD is a development perspective that recognizes the unequal status and situations of women and men in society.
Women in Development (WID) - 1970
Women were excluded from the development process, they should be integrated into on going development initiative, and they need to change to benefit from development.
- Projects were aimed to increase women's income and productivity,
- Women were trained in skills that served to extend their work at home:
- peanut butter making - soap making
- candle making - etc.
- food processing
- Projects involved only women participants
Women and Development (WAD) - early half of 1970s
- End of the decade saw the launching of militant women's group,
- Women were marginalized,
- Perspective on development that advocated the changing of class structure to achieve gender equality. That meant a parallel women's world of culture, education and commerce, that would value and promote women's perspective and interests,
- Strategies tended to concentrate on income generating projects for women
Gender and Development(GAD) - emerged in the 1980's
- Unequal power relations between women and men prevent equitable relations and the full participation of women in development,
- Focuses on social, economic, political and cultural forces that determine how men and women can equally participate in, benefit from and control project resources along women's empowerment framework,
- Identities and addresses practical and strategic gender interests.
Development Process Seen from a Gender Perspective
The concept of development also includes an element of Equality that material benefits from the development process should be fairly distributed, especially to benefit those most in need, the disadvantaged and most vulnerable.
Equality of Opportunity means that everybody has an equal chance, especially for equal access, there is no structural discrimination standing in the way of any individual or social group.
Gender sensitivity- is the ability to recognize gender issues, and especially the ability to recognize women's different perceptions and interests arising from their different social location and different gender roles.
Empowerment is an important element of development, being the process by which people take control and action in order to overcome obstacles.
Equality of opportunity for women would mean ending all gender discrimination.
SOURCE: Handouts Distributed during the Gender Mainstreaming Lecture by DENR-Central office GADFPS
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Gender and Development (GAD) Accomplishment
In solidarity with the women of the world, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources MIMAROPA celebrated the Women's Month by participating in the events of the National Government and organizing series of lecture under the Regional Gender and Development Focal Point System (RGADFPS) headed by the Regional Chair of GAD, Forester Consuelo M. Matundan.
The theme is "Juana, Desisyon Mo ay MahalagasaKinabukasan ng Bawat Isa, Ikaw Na!" According to the Philippine Commission on Women, this theme enjoins all “Juanas” to stand and break through fear and self-doubt as fear is the root of many barriers that women face – the fear of being not liked, the fear of making the wrong choice, the fear of drawing negative attention, the fear of being judged, the fear of failure and the fear of being a bad mother or wife or daughter. Juanas hold themselves back in ways both big and small. By lacking self-confidence, by not raising their hands, and by pulling back when they should be leaning in. Moreover, it calls that all “Juans” to support “Juanas” as they aspire to become leaders.
In line with this celebration, the DENR MIMAROPA's RGADFPS slated the following undertakings: GAD Secretariat commenced this month long activity by posting event streamers, information on bulletin boards and conduct of announcements to its employees as well as to the offices throughout the region.
Republic Act 9710 or the Magna Carta of Women (MCW) promotes the full participation and equitable representation of women in all spheres of society, particularly in the decision-making and policy-making processes in government and private entities, in order to fully realize their role as agents and beneficiaries of development.